Flatidae are a family of fulgoroid planthoppers. True to its name, the citrus flatid planthopper, Metcalfa pruinosa (Say), is found on citrus, but can be found on a wide variety of woody plants, many of which are used in the ornamental trade. Both adults and nymphs run sideways and are good jumpers. The females lay about 100 eggs, usually in the bark of host plants. Like other true bugs, planthoppers begin life as an egg and then, growing, undergo a number of immature stages (nymphs) before a final molt renders them a winged, sexually mature adult. Host plants include maples, dogwoods, hawthorns, willows, elms, privet, black locust, and elder. Notes: I spotted a whole bush covered with these interesting insects. I see quite a few of these in my yard. The first one is in the Flatidae family and is a Northern Flatid Planthopper (Flatormenis proximais). This planthopper seldom causes economic damage to most plants except to those weakened by some other factor such as freeze damage. These strands also help protect them from predators, who might grab onto the showy white hairs, which break off so that the hopper can escape. p. 1-565. Flatid Planthopper Nymph. The unsightly white, flocculent, waxy material made by the nymphs impairs the sales quality of affected plants, partly because buyers sometimes mistake these deposits fo… [8][9], "The Citrus Flatid Planthopper Metcalfa pruinosa (Say, 1830) in Gibraltar", Citrus Flatid Planthopper, Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) (Insecta: Hemiptera: Flatidae), Pest risk analysis of Metcalfa pruinosa in Austria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Metcalfa_pruinosa&oldid=982891449, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Glover T. (1877) Homoptera in Report of the Entomologist and Curator of the Museum, Report of the United States Commissioner of Agriculture. I seem to remember a least a couple being there for almost a year now. Hopper nymph with an ant passing by, both on a gum leaf. Nymphs, or juveniles, often have tufts of this white, waxy material attached to the end of the abdomen. Planthoppers are related to aphids and the nymphs are sometimes mistaken for woolly aphids. Note:There are more leafhopper species worldwide than all species of birds, mammals, … Pondicherry Tamilnadu India. No identification keys exist whereby the citrus flatid planthopper nymphs can be separated from its near relatives, but circumstantial evidence is often sufficient to permit tentative determinations. Flatid Planthopper nymph Planthopper in family Flatidae are small to medium size plant-feeding insects. The good news is that as bugs go, planthoppers are among the easiest to control. The large wings resemble the shape of a leaf, and the tiny head is pointed. They are cosmopolitan in distribution and are distinguished from others in the superfamily by a combination of characters. Flatid Plant hopper nymph. Leafhoppers. Metcalfa pruinosa, the citrus flatid planthopper, is a species of insect in the Flatidae family of planthoppers first described by Thomas Say in 1830. Row covers and shade cloth (Harvest Guard) can be used as physical barriers to limit leafhopper access to plants. Fascicule IV, North Carolina State College, Raleigh(United States of America). It looks very similar to several online images identified as S. acuta, however, there are at least 40 Australian species in the genus and some of them probably have similar looking nymphs. Fluffy, White Planthopper Nymphs are Becoming Evident, College of Food, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center. Flatid Leafhoppers (Phromnia rosea) nymphs, Ankarafantsika National Park, Madagascar, August. [7], Nymphs may reach a length of about 3.2 millimetres (0.13 in). Planthopper adults are 1/4- 3/8" long, purplish blue, lime green, or powdery white, and they hold their broad wings vertically in a tent-like fashion covering the sides of the body and legs. Their colours are from pale green, through yellow-green to brown. Look for adults, which are about ¼ inch long and may be white, green, bluish-black, brown or mottled. The amount of damage they can do this way depends on the plant. Nymphs do not have wings and are generally lighter in color than adults. Pavel Lauterer (2002) Citrus Flatid Planthopper - Metcalfa pruinosa (Hemiptera: Flatidae), a New Pest of Ornamental Horticulture in the Czech Republic. Flatid Leafhopper (Phromnia rosea) nymph, Ankarafantsika National Park, Madagascar, December. This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 00:40. The waxy deposits are often mistaken for the kind of deposits left behind by pesky mealybugs or scale, so potential buyers may pass on buying what looks like an affected plant. They feed by inserting a small beak into … Clusters of fluffy, white planthopper nymphs are appearing on the stems of annuals, perennials, and the lower branches of trees and shrubs in southern Ohio. Flatid leaf bug phromnia rosea on a tree's branch in a forest. You might also know some of them as leafhoppers, treehoppers and torpedo bugs. These are hydrophobic and help conceal the insects. the eyes, as on treehoppers, spittlebugs, leafhoppers and cicadas. Hemiptera Homoptera. Leafhopper adults (1/4 inch long) are slender, wedge-shaped insects that fly or disperse rapidly when disturbed. Nymphs may reach a length of about 3.2 millimetres (0.13 in). 1 Comment Gina9210 9 years ago. Schaum H.R. Image of creature, leafhopper, detail - 108955070 The mouthparts are adapted for piercing and sucking. Habitat: my lawn. Citrus flatid planthopper nymph. Say T. (1830) Descriptions of new North American Hemipterous insects, belonging to the first family of the section Homoptera of Latreille, Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 6: 235-244. I saw them in tropical rainforest near a banana plantation during a 4 day trek near the Myanmar border. Like all other planthoppers, they suck phloem sap of plants. Entomological News 121: 506-513. Habitat: tropical rainforest along a river. In: Plant Protection Science. Nymphs of many fulgoroids produce wax from special glands on the abdominal terga and other parts of the body. They have such odd, fluffy little plumes on their tails! Aphids just mosey around. Planthopper nymphs can be killed with insecticidal soap applications which will also wash away the "fluff," or by using a standard insecticide labeled for use on the host plant. This planthopper seldom causes economic damage to most plants except to those weakened by some other factor such as freeze damage. Adults mate in fall during the night. Flatid Planthopper Nymph. Adult Metcalfa pruinosa are 5-8 mm-long. The nymphs of several planthopper species cloak themselves in a dense tangle of waxy, white "fluff." [6], Adults of Metcalfa pruinosa can reach a length of 5.5–8 millimetres (0.22–0.31 in) and a width of 2–3 millimetres (0.079–0.118 in) at the widest point. As it feeds, it causes serious damages to field crops and ornamental plants. [7] The large and prominent compound eyes are yellow. First Report of the Nearctic flatid planthopper Metcalfa pruinosa (Say) in the Republic of Korea (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). They congregate in groups, or "colonies," and their profusion of flocculent material on affected plant stems and leaves draws attention to the insects. The females lay about 100 eggs, usually in the bark of host plants. The nymphs also produce copious quantities of honeydew which may coat the plant and become colonized by black sooty molds. Flatidae. They have been on the plant for at least a few months. Species ID Suggestions Sign in to suggest organism ID. The curious insects responsible for this “flocking” are members of the family Flatidae, also known as the flatid planthoppers. The species is univoltine, producing one generation per year. However, planthoppers … hop. The species is univoltine, producing one generation per year. Flatid Planthopper Nymph. Clusters of fluffy, white planthopper nymphs are appearing on the stems of annuals, perennials, and the lower branches of trees and shrubs in southern Ohio. Leafhopper Control: Control measures should be taken at the first sight of eggs/nymphs or damage as adult leafhoppers are difficult to control due to their mobility. Color varies from whitish to light green, with relative large tufts of white wax on the abdomen. I believe this is a Flatid Planthopper (Flatidae: Flatinae) in the predominantly Australian genus Siphanta. Lee, H.-S. and S. W. Wilson. Pondicherry, Tamilnadu, India. Feb 18, 2015 - The waxy filaments on the hind end of Flatid planthoppers serves several purposes. Planthoppers in the garden feed by piercing plant cells and sucking out the contents. The hind legs have one or two spurs. Vol. There is reportedly only one generation per year, and adults are most commonly seen now, in June. Some species are known to communicate with vibrations through the plant stems. 38, No. Planthopper nymphs, like the two-striped planthopper (Acanalonia bivittata) and the Acanalonia servillei below, are known for producing waxy strands from their bodies which repel water. Metcalf Z.P. Depending on species they may be green, brown or yellow in color and often have colorful markings. The Citrus Planthopper Metcalfa pruinosa) is similar but with a grayish-blue to purple tint and a bright yellow or orange eye. https://www.sciencephoto.com/media/990448/view/flatid-leafhoppers-nymphs (1957) Part 13. Sign in to comment. Woodgate, Qld. Flatid Planthopper nymph (ventral view), Durham, 7/13/06: Wheel Bug nymph (late instar) eating what appears to be a Flatid Planthopper nymph. [7] They are initially whitish. Bulletin of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association Experiment Station, Division of Entomology 4: 60-66. Adults mate in fall during the night. Behavior and ecological impact. Download this stock image: Flatid planthopper nymphs - B2K49N from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. [7] When they feed on sap, they eject excess sugar in the form of honeydew. Eno River SP, Old Cole Mill Road access, Orange County, NC, 6/23/05. The adults are seen mainly in summer and fall, when they feed gregariously on sap. Tweet; Description: Leafhopper nymph of some kind. The citrus flatid planthopper The gray-blue color, the black spots on the wings and the orange eyes almost surely make this a citrus flatid planthopper. Adult females of many families also produce wax which may be used to protect eggs. It is 1 cm (3/8 inches) long and feeds on a large number of plant species. The color of adults may vary from brown to gray, in connection with the presence of a bluish white epicuticular wax, covering especially the nymphs. Erster Section A-G. Numerous species of leafhoppers and planthoppers are found in Missouri, and many of them have a broad host list (for example, the potato leafhopper, Empoasca fabae, has over 100 host plants). However, in recent years, I've watched a recurring infestation of citrus flatid planthopper (Metcalfa pruinosa) appear to cause noticeable damage climbing hydrangea growing on an arbor in a county park. Communication may be with mates, or with ants that tend the nymphs, protecting them and gathering honeydew secretions. Remove overwintering sites by disposing of garden debris and waste immediately upon harvesting. The trapezoidal forewings are held vertically, wrapping the body when the insect is at rest. Hemiptera, Flatidae. This tiny Flatid Planthopper Nymph from the Amazon rainforest of Ecuador is covered with waxy filaments for protection. Hemiptera, Flatidae. These sucking insects are close relatives of other well known sap-suckers such as aphids and leafhoppers we met in previous episodes of Bug of the Week. (1850) Fulgorellae. Washington, D. C., 1876: 17-46. The hind tibiae usually have two lateral spines in addition to the other spines at the apex. It obviously wasn’t a grasshopper, so it had to be the nymph (immature form) of a planthopper. Planthoppers usually have little impact on the overall health of landscape plants and seldom become more than a nuisance pest. Leafhoppers are only 1/16 to 5/8 of an inch (2-15 mm) long. Filaments of the residue break off easily and stick to the plant. Their presence confirms the identity of this species in wax accumulations. I haven’t been able to tell if the shells on the underside are from what they are eating or from nymphs that are hatching. Leafhopper? Tweet; Description: early instar - small, white insect,long filament like tails, there were a bunch of these congregating on a small bush. This one was on Goldenrod. Color varies from whitish to light green, with relative large tufts of white wax on the abdomen.[8]. In: Ersch I. S. & Gruber I. G. 1850 Allgemeine Encyklopädie der Wissenschaften und Kunste in alnhaberischen folge von Genannten Schriftstellern bearbeitet und herausgegeben, 51. p. 58-73. Notes: Thanks to Gina9210 for the ID! Planthoppers belong to the Family Flatidae (Order Hemiptera; Suborder Auchenorrhyncha), and are sometimes referred to as "flatids." A profile shot reveals a flatid nymph adorned with white wax. They are pale green in colour with the biggest being about a centimetre long. Nymphs hatch in March-April, and take close to two months to develop. Flatid Planthoppers - Family Flatidae. It lives on crop plants such as grape, citrus, apricot, peach, blackberry, and raspberry. … This page contains information for about Cicadas that we found in the Brisbane area, Queensland, Australia. Jan 13, 2018 - from Ecuador: www.flickr.com/andreaskay/albums The unsightly white, flocculent, waxy material made by the nymphs impairs the sales quality of affected plants, partly because buyers sometimes mistake these deposits fo… 4, 2002, S. 145–148. Planthoppers belong to the Family Flatidae (Order Hemiptera; Suborder Auchenorrhyncha), and are sometimes referred to as "flatids." It has a greenish tint under its waxy secretions. 2010. Photo about Flatid Plant hopper nymph. True to its name, the citrus flatid planthopper, Metcalfa pruinosa (Say), is found on citrus, but can be found on a wide variety of woody plants, many of which are used in the ornamental trade. It is polyphagous, feeding on a variety of plant taxa. Anormenis chloris. They feed on foliage and shoots of many different plant species by piercing the plant cells and sucking out the contents. This attracts bees, which convert it to honey. [1], The species is native to North America (Nearctic realm), but it is today found throughout southern Europe (Austria, France, Italy, Romania, Slovenia, Switzerland, and Moldova), in the Neotropical realm [3][4][5] and in South Korea. Not only are identification manuals apparently rare or non-existent on planthopper Flatidae and Hypochthonellidae, In: Metcalf Z. P. 1954 - General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Some do very little damage while others are quite destructive. It is hydrophobic and help conceal the insect’s body. Adults of some species have brightly coloured forewings which are tou… Eggs overwinter, hatching the following spring. The most heavily infested plants have sparse canopies and new growth has been stunted. 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