Berries attract birds. Its leaves also have saw-toothed edges, unlike poison sumac. Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose. Fall Color: Orange, Red, Yellow. The First Nation civilization and major economic center known as Cahokia, an extensive city and network of commerce among many ancient peoples in the Midwest, had quite the reach and influence all along the Mississippi River – including the Upper Mississ… Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Alternate. This plant provides nectar for pollinators. Food/Birds, Food/Pollinators, Butterfly / Moth Nectar. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) General Description A large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown. You might not know it, but sumac-ade (made from either smooth sumac Rhus glabra, or staghorn sumac Rhus typhina) is in fact a tasty herbal relic and beverage straight from the Iowa area of ancient times, as well as the rest of the heart of the Midwest. It is found in most regions of NC. This and other species of true sumac usually grow in pure stands that propagate themselves by rhizomes. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. The sumac is a considered a small tree or shrub, growing on average about 15 feet tall. Smooth sumac often grows in stands and seems to like sunny banks. Red to orange fall color is excellent. The brilliant red fall foliage becomes a focal point in the landscape. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). So while sumac fruit is not really a favorite wildlife food, it is an important winter survival food. A good choice for difficult sites, mass plantings, screening and highways plantings. plants) Sun Exposure Full Sun. Compact clusters of dark red, velvety berries form August-September. Remove suckers to prevent unwanted spread. 5-10 inch long panicles of yellowish-green flowers bloom in May to July, with separate male and female flowers appearing on separate plants (dioecious). This native but sometimes aggressive shrub occurs in clumps or colonies and spreads by seeds and rootstocks. Grows aggressively from suckers. Their thicket-forming growth make them good for parking lot and highway-median plantings. You may unsubscribe at any time. It thrives in dry, well drained, soils and full sun. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. You can differentiate the species by the fact that the branches of staghorn sumac have a furry texture. While poison sumac likes to grow … It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from September to November. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation. Mix it in a spray jug in the ratio reccommended in the directions, then spray it on only the sumac shoots. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a, 1/4 inch red fruit covered in red sticky hairs in clusters from Aug. to October on female plants. as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! “Sumacs come in suitable sizes for all gardens. Hardy From Zone: Hardy To Zone: ? The stems and branches are hairless and covered with a whitish waxy coating. Smooth sumac is a native plant found throughout the eastern United States. Butterflies nectar at the flowers. In summer large panicles of tiny flowers appear and are followed by clusters of red drupes in summer to fall that persist into winter. Compound leaves are shiny dark green on top and almost white on the undersides. It … Sumacs grow as open, spreading shrubs or small trees. Sumac does best on well-drained sites and will not tolerate flooding. Fall and winter are its real time to shine, though. They generally need a lot of space where they can be allowed to spread and form colonies. The leaves of this plant are a source of black ink. Growing Sumac From Seed According to the Macphail … We do not share email addresses. Eleven to 31 leaflets are arranged in opposite pairs along a stalk which grows 30 to 50 centimetres long. Naturalize along the edge of a woodland. The thick branches are hairy and resemble the velvety antlers of a male deer (stag), hence the common name of “staghorn.” Clusters o… Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753. Using: When the Staghorn and Smooth Sumac berry clusters are ripe, pick two or three clusters off the plant, take home and remove the outer, healthy looking berries into a bowl, pour warm, but not boiling water over them. Three common species grown in the United States are staghorn sumac, fragrant sumac, and smooth sumac. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are the most common and readily available landscape species. This large shrub has compound leaves, meaning each leaf is composed of several leaflets. It sprouts easily and grows rapidly. Smooth Sumac. Alternate, compound leaves are 16-24 inches long with 11-31 sessile leaflets that are lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate and up to 4 inches long and 1 inch wide. It has some susceptibility to leaf spot, rust, scale, aphids and mites. Both grow 10 to 15 feet tall with a similar width and have bright red fall colors. Poison Ivy is very common in Southeast Wisconsin mostly in hedgerows or on the edges of woods, but sometimes is even found in the understory of open woodlands. Bark on older wood is smooth and grey to brown. Smooth sumac and staghorn sumac are fantastic plants for four-season interest. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. It's for this reason that native varieties can be found growing in large colonies in nearly every part of the United States from Maine to Washington, and as far south as Texas. “All sumac foliage turns intensely scarlet in fall.” More than 200 species of sumac exist. Transplant them into slightly larger containers if they become root-bound. Of these, smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), is one of the most beautiful but unappreciated plants of the season. Bud Color - Gray-brown. The staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) is a loosely formed shrub or weedy tree of fast growth rate, which means it grows at least 24 inches in a season, sometimes more. Smooth Sumac is a native deciduous shrub appearing in every state and parts of Canada growing 9-15 feet tall and wide. Check out the Grow Native! Older shrub's bark is brownish-gray, horizontally fissured, and slightly warty. Tends to spread aggressively. The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. It can be rejuvenated by cutting to the ground. Water them when the top of the soil begins to dry. Growing Conditions: Sumac is commonly found on abandoned farmland, near old homesteads or along fence-rows. Rub the berries around with your hands, then let soak for about half an hour. Prairie Flame is a male clone, so it develops panicles of yellow-green flowers in summer but does not fruit. Season of Interest: Late (July - frost) Main Color: Green. Plant them out… Bud Size - Small, round-ovoid with leaf scar almost completely encircling the bud, pubescent. It is extremely drought tolerant and is often found in disturbed areas, open woodlands, prairies, on dry rocky hillsides, and in canyons. They make excellent wildlife shrubs because they provide shelter and food for birds and small mammals. One of the easiest shrubs to identify throughout the year (unless mistaken for poison sumac, in the absence of mature fruit), smooth sumac has a spreading, open-growing shrub growing up to 3 m (9.8 ft) tall, rarely to 5 m (16 ft). It is adaptable to most soil types except wet ones and tolerates sun to partial shade. We do not share email addresses. The staghorn sumac plants produce a milky latex that will stain your clothes dark brown. Box 200 Columbia, MO 65205 Phone: (888) 843-6739 | General Inquiries: | Outreach or Educational Inquiries: The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Use only with permission. Rhus glabra. Sumacs get lonely, so you never see them growing alone. Pigment can also be obtained from the wood of this plant and if used in the textile, toy, and paper industry. Smooth Sumac tends to spread by suckers and forms dense colonies but is an important winter wildlife food source. Winged sumac—which is also known by a variety of other common names, including dwarf sumac, flameleaf sumac, and shining sumac—is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree that thrives in dry soils in open areas where it often forms large colonies. Poison sumac has loose clusters of white berries that emerge from between the leaves. If you live in the western half of the United States, or you can’t find any sumac growing nearby, it’s very easy to grow your own. Cut plants to ground every 2-3 years to reduce height. All states in the USA and parts of Canada. Staghorn sumac bark is smooth, thin, dark gray, and the inner bark, which is slightly sweet to chew on, is light green. Poison Sumac looks similar to Smooth Sumac but only grows in swamps where Smooth Sumac doesn’t grow. In general, it is too weedy to use in the average landscape so it is best utilized in naturalized areas or on slopes to help control erosion. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, white-tailed deer, opossums, wild turkeys and quail. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Staghorn sumac grows wild throughout the Great Plains and the eastern half of the United States. Bark of major branches is brownish-gray to reddish-brown and more smooth. Set them in direct morning sunlight for gradually longer periods of time in early fall. Sumac trees are very easy to grow and maintain. Picked out your plants? Smooth and staghorn sumacs are tall and rangy, with gorgeously red conical fruit heads (tarty and delicious) appearing in late summer,” writes Marie. It is a larval host plant for Red-Banded Hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) which has two broods a year from April-October. Download Sumac trees stock photos. of native plants for a particular purpose. View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! It's no wonder the Smooth Sumac is the only shrub to be native to all 48 of the contiguous United States. All three of these have clusters of fuzzy red berries that grow tightly together, a very distinctive feature. If there are desirable plants in the vicinity, do not allow the spray on them. If they are too close, cover them temporarily with a plastic bag. These leaflets hang down, have serrations (teeth) along the edges and turn a radiant red or orange in the fall. Why to Grow It. It prefers full sun but will grow under light shading. Flower Description: Clusters of flowers are small, yellow-green and each flower forms into a berry on the erect cluster. Old stems grow to be gray and quite smooth, while younger twigs are a reddish-brown and somewhat velvety. May be steeped for tea. fire in the landscape. It’s also easy to differentiate between poison sumac and edible sumacs. It could be used as a hedge in an area where it is allowed to spread. The glossy green leaves turn purple-red to orange in autumn. It is similar to smooth sumac, except the leaves are untoothed. Smooth sumac is equally at home on moist rich soil or dry sandy hills in East Texas, west to the Edwards Plateau and Rolling Plains, into New Mexico and Oklahoma, north through Colorado, Utah, Oregon into British Columbia to Quebec and south to Arkansas, Louisiana and Florida. The dark green summer foliage turns an excellent yellow to orange-red-purple combinations in fall. Hardiness Zones. Scientists found residues of the native plant in an ancient pipe. Along Interstate 40 between Conway and Fort Smith are half-acre size thickets where the various colonies abut against one another, showing slightly different plant heights, flowering time and fall foliage colors. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Plant Type: Shrubs. Rhus copallina latifolia 'Prairie Flame' is a dwarf selection of shining sumac introduced by Morton Arboretum. N.C. Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database. Sumacs are tolerant of slightly acid soil conditions and soil textures ranging from coarse to fine. If you'd like, you can rejuvenate these shrubs by cutting them back to the ground midwinter, however, this is not necessary to maintain a healthy bush. Each seedling will usually require 1/3 gallon of water twice per week but they may need to be watered more frequently, depending on temperatures and humidity. Very similar to Staghorn Sumac in form and function with the main difference being the smooth new growth on this species. Both species grow well in containers, where they stay much smaller. It is found in most regions of NC. Dark green and smooth above and pale beneath with a waxy coating. Female plants produce scarlet, hairy terminal fruits in summer and persistent into winter. of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Wonderful for naturalizing in the landscape. recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. Even in poor soil, it usually makes good growth and requires little care. The large compound leaves have an excellent orange to red fall color. Individual flowers are 1/4 inch and five-petaled. Native Environment: Savanna / Woodland, Prairie. Occurs in upland prairies, thickets, fence rows, idle fields, borders and openings of woods, disturbed sites, roadsides, and along railroads. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Smooth Sumac is a valuable native plant throughout the northern United States. Usually grows in masses and suckers profusely. Very adaptable. Smooth Sumac is a native deciduous shrub appearing in every state and parts of Canada growing 9-15 feet tall and wide. Grow them in containers in bright indirect sunlight until fall. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Rhus glabra is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate. You may unsubscribe at any time. They prefer full sun, and although they are often seen growing on slopes and in light, sandy soil, they are very adaptable to all types of light and soil conditions. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. The Smooth Sumac is one of the easiest and hardiest plants to have in your garden. Smooth sumac is less widely planted, because it can spread aggressively from its tough rootstocks and can be tough to eradicate. Harvesting your own sumac berries is easy. This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer. Yes, there is such a thing as poison sumac, but it’s a pretty rare plant, growing primarily in wetlands. Click the photos to learn more, or call our plant experts at (888) 864-7663. Outstand-ing red fall color. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. Plant in shrub border, hedgerow or screen. Grow Native! Reduce the watering frequency gradually to get them used to dryer conditions. Similar to Staghorn sumac but shorter. How to Harvest and Preserve Sumac. The fruit is persistent on the shrub into winter. Soil Moisture. Heat and drought tolerant. Shrubs are separate male and female so both are needed for fruiting. P.O. Sumacs are hardy, tough plant that is easy to grow and have few pests to contend with. Narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with sharply toothed edges. Grows in colonies resulting from stems sprouting from roots. It grows just 5-7 feet tall and 6-10 feet wide. Will colonize into small groupings of short, low branches trees. Staghorn sumac has bright orange or red berries growing at the edge of its stems. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. It is extremely drought tolerant and is often found in disturbed areas, open woodlands, prairies, on dry rocky hillsides, and in canyons. Edible sumac has red fruit borne in terminal clusters. In a garden setting, sumac’s bare lower trunks offer architectural interest in spring and summer, while its feathery compound leaves create a dense screen of green foliage. Some 1,400 years ago, people living in what's now Washington State were smoking smooth sumac, Rhus glabra. Nature Hills offer several varieties of sumacs. Above: Photograph by Marie Viljoen.
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