DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø The global burden of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is profound. Hepatitis B is the leading cause of liver cirrhosis worldwide. If you have any risk factors, ask your doctor to test you for the disease. Some countries, such as China, have achieved coverage rates of 96%. Global Prevalence of Hepatitis C. Hepatitis C, or the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), is a viral disease predominantly a liver disease; Carriers of the virus are at risk of developing chronic liver disease, cirrhosis, and liver cancer. Incidence (annual) of Hepatitis A: 32,000 new cases in the USA 1992 (Digestive diseases in the United States: Epidemiology and Impact – NIH Publication No. Prevalence and incidence statistics for Hepatitis A: See also prevalence and incidence page for Hepatitis A . Worldwide: It's thought that hepatitis D affects around 15 million people worldwide. It is common in South-East Asia, the Indian subcontinent, the Middle and Far East, Southern Europe and Africa. Like hepatitis A, however, some people may go on to develop fulminant hepatitis (acute liver failure) and die from the disease. The prevalence of an infection, in contrast, refers to the number of people living with a disease. Symptoms can vary from mild or none all the way to liver failure and death. The rate of new hepatitis C infections reported to CDC in 2018 was four times as high as it was in 2010. alphabetical list of all publications, WHOLIS, For example, though there are many more deaths from hepatitis B than hepatitis A, an individual person may fare better with hepatitis B than hepatitis A. Hepatitis A occurs in epidemics (many affected people) within the United States and internationally. [] The Eastern Mediterranean region and … HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is one of the world’s most serious public health challenges. Hepatitis B and C affect millions of people in the European Region. 2018 marked a decade of increases in new hepatitis C infections among people in their 20s and 30s, with injection drug use as the primary route of transmission. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. research into immunization is in progress, Hepatitis A: Questions and Answers for the Public, Viral Hepatitis: Statistics and Surveillance. goals and provides an advance base for health policy. Before discussing specific numbers and statistics, it's helpful to talk about how these numbers are reported. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) was isolated in 1989.Before that, we only talked about Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B, an a third unknown virus “non-A, non-B Hepatitis C”. The infection has two forms: Co-infection in which you're infected with both hepatitis D and hepatitis B at the same time, and superinfection, in which hepatitis D infection occurs after you're already infected with hepatitis B. Coinfection is usually acute (similar to a hepatitis A infection), while superinfection with hepatitis D acts more like hepatitis B and can go on to cause cirrhosis and death. Globally, an estimated 71 million people are living with chronic hepatitis C (HCV), and almost 399,000 were … Worldwide: WHO estimates that Hepatitis A was the cause of death for 7,134 people in 2016. 94-1447, NIDDK, 1994) Incidence Rate: approx 1 in 8,500 or 0.01% or 32,000 people in USA [] Statistics. Acute versus chronic infections: When you're initially exposed to hepatitis B, symptoms usually appear around 45 days to six months later. These people are considered carriers since the virus remains in their blood and those who are exposed to their blood may develop the disease. Though there isn't currently a vaccine available, research into immunization is in progress. Hepatitis B (HBV) Up to 7 days – how long the Hep B virus remains active on a surface; 35,000 annual acute infections in the US – the most common form of acute viral hepatitis; 1.25-2 million chronic infections in the US > 3,000 deaths occur annually (US) More than 350-400 million chronically infected worldwide Chronic hepatitis B prevalence in the U.S.: It's thought that there are 850,000 to 2.2 million people living with chronic hepatitis B in the United States as of 2016. 21 APRIL 2017 | GENEVA, AMSTERDAM - New WHO data reveal that an estimated 325 million people worldwide are living with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection.The WHO Global hepatitis report, 2017 indicates that the large majority of these people lack access to life-saving testing and treatment. Two-thirds of infected persons in the Region live in eastern Europe and central Asia. In May 2016, the World Health Assembly endorsed the Global Health Sector Strategy (GHSS) on viral hepatitis 2016–2021.The GHSS calls for the elimination of viral hepatitis as a public health threat by 2030 (reducing new infections by 90% and mortality by 65%). The number of cases of hepatitis B and C reported in the WHO European Region does not necessarily reflect the full extent of transmission. Hepatitis infections, however, remain asymptomatic in the majority of cases, and are hard to detect without proper testing. For example, the yearly incidence of hepatitis A refers to the number of people diagnosed with hepatitis A over a year's time in a particular location. Of these, 36.2 million were adults and 1.7 million were children (<15 years old). : +45 45 33 70 00 Ⓒ 2020 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. Denmark Hepatitis B Statistics . If you've been diagnosed with one of the forms of hepatitis, you aren't alone. Hepatitis B and C can also be transmitted through sexual contact, although this is less common with hepatitis C. Symptoms include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. These numbers may sound terrifying, but significant progress is being made in both the prevention and treatment of the various forms of hepatitis. The following is a selection of key statistics drawn from the latest available Australian surveillance and mapping data, and where relevant cites the corresponding national targets. In addition, a better understanding and management of the risk factors for the disease can effectively reduce many cases. Estimations of worldwide prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus infection: a systematic review of data published between 1965 and 2013. Hepatitis can cause illness or death due to both the symptoms of the infection and to complications that may develop. If you or a loved one have some form of viral hepatitis, you might be wondering how many people have the disease. If you've been diagnosed with one of the forms of hepatitis, you aren't alone. For many people, especially adults and older children, the virus will be cleared from the body after this initial infection. The severity of these diseases depends on many factors, including access to good medical care, whether or not a carrier state develops, and much more. Our flagship report maps health trends, charts progress towards achieving health Charles Daniel, MPH, CHES is an infectious disease epidemiologist, specializing in hepatitis. Worldwide: It's believed that 240 million people are infected with the hepatitis B virus worldwide, with 786,000 people dying from complications of the disease each year. Worldwide, 500 million people are estimated to be infected with hepatitis B or C. These viruses kill 1.5 million people a year; 1 in every 3 people has been exposed to either or both viruses and most infected people do not know about it due to dormant symptoms. It's thought that roughly two percent of people in the United States are living with a chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection, not to mention the other three forms. Hepatitis B and C affect millions of people in the European Region. Unlike other forms of hepatitis which may have a chronic state, hepatitis A infection (as well as hepatitis E) occurs only as an acute illness, meaning once you have had the infection, it doesn't chronically take root in the body. Do You Know How Viral Hepatitis Is Really Spread? In 2015, 84% of children born received the three recommended doses of hepatitis B vaccine. Given the large number of people who are affected by some form of hepatitis, it's important to be familiar with the different types of the disease. How it's spread: Hepatitis C, like hepatitis B, is spread by exposure to blood or semen. Australia has committed to these national targets for 2022 and has signed on to World Health Organization global hepatitis elimination targets for 2030. Statistics on the topic. This is called the incubation period. We use the CDC, NIH and individual state and county databases for verification and supplementation for USA data. WHO estimated that during the same year, 1.34 million people died from liver cancer, cirrhosis, and other conditions caused by chronic viral hepatitis . Acute hepatitis B incidence in the U.S.: In 2017 there were 3,409 new cases of hepatitis B reported in the United States, but it's estimated that 22,200 new cases occurred since many people don't show symptoms and the illness is not reported. from blood transfusions or invasive medical procedures using contaminated equipment). The Global hepatitis report, 2017 provides a baseline for the drive towards elimination. What Infections Can Be Seen in Heroin Users? Global hepatitis B situation. Up to 80,000 Americans will become newly infected with hepatitis B each year therefore it is important to keep them informed. Superinfection is usually suspected when someone with hepatitis B becomes increasingly ill rapidly. Like hepatitis B, hepatitis C also has both acute and chronic states, although hepatitis C is much more likely than hepatitis B to become a chronic infection; around 55 to 85 percent of people go on to develop chronic hepatitis C. The incubation period for the disease can vary from two weeks to six months, and around 80 percent of people do not have any symptoms during the acute phase of the illness. Treatment of the acute infection is mostly supportive care, with drugs such as antiviral medications and interferon used to treat chronic disease. of key publications by date, View Worldwide, hepatitis (especially hepatitis B and hepatitis C) was responsible for 1.34 million deaths in 2015. More than 257 million people are living with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in the world. Worldwide: WHO estimates that 71 million people are infected with hepatitis C worldwide. an overall hepatitis B incidence of 1.49 per 100 000; a hepatitis C incidence of 8.7 per 100 000 in the Member States of the European Union (EU); and. of or about WHO policy in the European Region, Download or place Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). This includes not just people who are diagnosed in a particular year, but those who had been diagnosed in the past but continue to live with the disease. How it's spread: Hepatitis B is transmitted by direct exposure to blood or semen contaminated by the virus. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.. Though deaths from viral hepatitis are increasing, the report said new infections are on the decline, largely in part because of newborn vaccination against hepatitis B. Lancet. orders for printed books or themed e-book collections, Sign up for email alerts Overview. In particular, types B and C lead to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people worldwide. It can be a very dangerous disease for pregnant women. Sign up for our Health Tip of the Day newsletter, and receive daily tips that will help you live your healthiest life. How it's spread: Like hepatitis B and C, it's spread by contact with bodily fluids such as infected blood and semen. Hepatitis D infection (also called delta agent) is similar to other forms of hepatitis, but it can only infect those who are already infected with the hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B infections can be best understood by breaking the disease down into acute infections and chronic infections. HINARI, WHO libraries, documentation centres, Important statements ... Non-Alcoholic Steato-Hepatitis (NASH) Hepatitis E infection is most similar to hepatitis A in that it only has an acute state and is usually a self-limited disease. About 15% of people infected with hepatitis A will have recurring symptoms over a 6 to 9 month period. How it's spread: Hepatitis C, like hepatitis B, is spread by exposure to blood or semen. 2015; 386 : 1546-1555 Summary Marmorvej 51 Lifestyle risk factors such as alcohol drinking and obesity were responsible for a larger percentage of cases in North America and Western, Central, and Eastern Europe. Map and directions In the WHO European Region an estimated 15 million people live with chronic hepatitis B, and an estimated 14 million people are infected with hepatitis C. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Vaccination is now available for both hepatitis A and hepatitis B, and since hepatitis D only occurs when a hepatitis B infection is present, this leaves only hepatitis C and hepatitis E in need of a vaccination for prevention. The incubation period, which is the period between exposure and the onset of symptoms, is usually around a month, but can present anywhere from 15 to 50 days, and the infection may be diagnosed with a blood test. That said, many people develop the infection without any obvious risk factors, and it's now recommended that everyone born between 1945 and 1965 be tested for the disease. Worldwide: There are an estimated 20 million new hepatitis E infections each year worldwide, and it's a serious problem in East and South Asia. Hepatitis C Statistics . The five main strains of hepatitis viruses are A, B, C, D and E. Hepatitis A and E are typically caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water while hepatitis B, C and D usually occur as a result of blood-to-blood contact with infected body fluids (e.g. Hepatitis D incidence in the U.S.: Hepatitis D is uncommon in the United States. During epidemics years the number of cases of hepatitis … Hepatitis B is a global public health threat. It's thought that roughly two percent of people in the United States are living with a chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection, not to mention the other three forms. Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are responsible for 96 percent of deaths from viral hepatitis of any kind worldwide and cause an estimated 78 percent of all liver cancer and 57 percent of all liver cirrhosis. The World Health Organization (WHO) also reports that deaths from hepatitis have increased 22 percent since 2000. Hepatitis C by the Numbers: Facts, Statistics, and You Medically reviewed by Meredith Goodwin, MD, FAAFP — Written by Ann Pietrangelo and Catherine Clark — … According to UNAIDS : Number of People with HIV—There were approximately 37.9 million people across the globe with HIV/AIDS in 2018. Global hepatitis C situation. Deaths: An estimated 44,000 people died in 2015 from hepatitis E infections worldwide. The 7 Best Hepatitis C Support Groups of 2020, Recent Developments in Regards to Children's Health, The Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). Incidence of hepatitis A in the U.S.: In 2017, there were 3,366 cases of hepatitis A reported in the United States with an estimated number more than double that. In the following 5 chapters, you will quickly find the {amountStatistics} most important statistics relating to "Hepatitis in the U.S.". Cirrhosis is currently the 11th most common cause of death globally and liver cancer is the 16th leading cause o … Worldwide, more than 170 million persons have hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, [] of whom 71 million have chronic infection. Hepatitis E incidence in the U.S.: Hepatitis E infection is relatively rare in the United States. on new publications, Subscribe to newsletters and email alerts, Behavioural and cultural insights for health, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and the risk to Europe, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, European Health for All family of databases, European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, South-eastern Europe Health Network (SEEHN), Fact sheet - Hepatitis B in the WHO European Region (2019), Fact sheet - Hepatitis C in the WHO European Region (2019), Fact sheet on the SDGs: Viral hepatitis (2017), Infographic - Hepatitis in the WHO European Region (Download), Presentation on viral hepatitis (PowerPoint) (2013), News - Hepatitis B and C infect one in fifty adults in European Region. This statistic depicts the percentage of 1-year-olds who have a hepatitis B vaccination worldwide in 2015, by WHO region. Tel. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. More than 887,000 people die every year due to complications of hepatitis B, including liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. Roughly 70 percent of people will have symptoms with an acute hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, most commonly caused by a viral infection. Read our, Medically reviewed by Robert Burakoff, MD, MPH, Medically reviewed by Jonathan B. Jassey, DO, Medically reviewed by Matthew Wosnitzer, MD, Hepatitis Infections in the U.S. and Worldwide, Hepatitis B is a Deadly Hepatic Infection, What You Should Know About the 5 Types of Viral Hepatitis, Notable Ways That Hepatitis C Differs in Women. He is the vice chair for ambulatory services for the department of medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York. The most common age of the people who died is between 55 and 64. Around 90 percent of chronic hepatitis C infections may be curable with antiviral medications. WHO recommends that vaccination against hepatitis A virus be integrated into the national immunization schedule for children aged 1 year or older, if indicated on the basis of local factors, including incidence of acute hepatitis A, level of endemicity, and consideration of cost-effectiveness. A synthesis report on effective interventions to reduce hepatitis C infection from WHO/Europe’s Health Evidence Network (HEN) estimates prevalence of up to 98% among people who inject drugs. high prevalence in people who inject drugs. Of the three types of viral hepatitis (hepatitis A, B, and C), hepatitis C accounted for the greatest number of deaths and the highest mortality rate, at 5.0 deaths/100,000 population in 2014. How Effective Is Heplisav-B in Preventing Hepatitis B? Send us an email, View full list Here's a look at the prevalence and incidence of the five different types of hepatitis in the United States and worldwide. But there is a global commitment to stopping new HIV infections and ensuring that everyone with HIV has access to HIV treatment. Hepatitis can cause illness or death due to both the symptoms of the infection and to complications that may develop. However, the number of new hepatitis C cases diagnosed each year in the US has been steadily decreasing. While some types of hepatitis are more likely to be fatal or cause chronic long-term problems, there is really is not one type of hepatitis that is worse than another when it comes to individual people. Data that has recently become available, shows that in the WHO European Region an estimated 13.3 million people live with chronic hepatitis B (1.8% of adults) and an estimated 15 million people with hepatitis C (2.0% of adults). How it's spread: Hepatitis A is spread orally, through water or food contaminated with the virus by small undetected amounts of stool from an infected person. Deaths in the U.S.: In 2014 there were 1843 deaths in which hepatitis B was listed on the death certificate. Hepatitis B causes about 36 000 deaths and hepatitis C about 86 000 deaths per year in WHO European Member States. Hepatitis A. Chronic hepatitis C prevalence in the U.S.: It's estimated that between 2.7 and 3.9 million people are living with chronic hepatitis C infections in the United States. Hepatitis C Home > Hepatitis C Statistics Statistics reveal that about 300 million people are infected with the hepatitis C virus worldwide. Hepatitis infections, however, remain asymptomatic in the majority of cases, and are hard to detect without proper testing. Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. For those at risk, vaccines are now available for both hepatitis A and hepatitis B, and since hepatitis D only occurs along with hepatitis B, many of these diseases are now preventable with vaccination. 71 million people worldwide had hepatitis C; Both of these types of hepatitis can lead to lifelong infection. OUR DATA: We use the most recent data from these primary sources: WHO, World Bank, UNESCO, CIA and individual country databases for global health and causes of death. The incidence of an infection refers to how many new cases of a disease are diagnosed in a particular year. The disease often presents with symptoms of jaundice, like yellowing of the skin, and flu-like symptoms which resolve over time, but in rare cases can lead to liver failure and death. How it's spread: Hepatitis E is transmitted by the fecal-oral route (contaminated food and water and poor hygiene similar to hepatitis A) and usually causes digestive tract symptoms. Deaths in the U.S.: There were 91 reported deaths related to hepatitis A in the U.S. in 2017. You will either get over the infection or die from the infection (and most people survive.) Of these, 3.3 million turn into acute symptoms. Acute hepatitis C incidence in the U.S.: In 2014 there were 2,194 reported new cases of hepatitis C in the United States but 30,000 estimated new cases. Here are current statistics about hepatitis B around the world. Since hepatitis C is often asymptomatic during the acute phase, there are many people who carry the infection but are unaware. Robert Burakoff, MD, MPH, is board-certified in gastroentrology. Fax: +45 45 33 70 01 Liver disease accounts for approximately 2 million deaths per year worldwide, 1 million due to complications of cirrhosis and 1million due to viral hepatitis and hepatocellular carcinoma. New HIV Infections—An estimated 1.7 million individuals worldwide beca… Deaths in the U.S.: In 2014, hepatitis C was listed as a cause of death on 19,659 death certificates in the U.S. Many people with the disease go on to develop cirrhosis or liver cancer, and the disease contributes to 399,000 deaths worldwide each year. In contrast, around six percent of adults, 30 percent of children, and roughly 90 percent of infants exposed at birth will not clear the virus and will develop a chronic hepatitis B infection. UN City 2 In 2014, the racial/ethnic group with the highest hepatitis C-related mortality rate was among American Indians/Alaska Natives. Estimates obtained from data modelling suggest that worldwide in 2015, there were 23.7 new hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections per 100,000 population. Worldwide, 500 million people are estimated to be infected with hepatitis B or C. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) estimates: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, WHO Regional Office for Europe According to National statistics in the UK, ... During 2001, the estimated worldwide mortality from cirrhosis was 771,000 people, ranking 14th and 10th as the leading cause of death in the world and in developed countries, respectively 8. The term 'incidence' of Autoimmune Hepatitis refers to the annual diagnosis rate, or the number of new cases of Autoimmune Hepatitis diagnosed each year. It sets out global statistics on viral hepatitis B and C, the rate of new infections, the prevalence of chronic infections and mortality caused by these two high-burden hepatitis viruses, as well as coverage levels of key interventions, as at the end of 2015. Hepatitis B is the most widespread form of hepatitis worldwide. Hepatitis C was responsible for 21% of cases. 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