All those who have purchased a ticket for this period will automatically receive a refund—no action is required. You see that Virgo holds a seed of grain. And it’s clear that its style was imported from the Greeks, who in turn borrowed it from Babylon. Astrologers say it shows a date of about 700 BC. However, the Egyptians believed that certain constellations and decans could have a negative influence on their destiny or health.The representations of the signs of the zodiac as we know them today did not appear in Egypt until the Greco-Roman Period. When Denon first discovered the Temple of Hathor at Dendera in January, 1799, he happened into a little stone chapel on the The sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and the Libra (the scales). This seed of grain is the star The zodiac of Dendera was a map of the heavens written in stone in the ceiling of an Egyptian Temple situated roughly 600 kilometers south of Cairo along the Nile. See more ideas about Dendera zodiac, Zodiac, Egypt. Log in. Their conclusion was based on imagining wrongly that the sun is represented, by a circle below Pisces, in a zodiac that displays only the night sky. We have been talking about the signs of the zodiac for decades and it is recorded that the earliest Zodiac found in Egypt dates to the 1st century BC, the Dendera Zodiac. Dating back to 50 BCE, the Dindera Zodiac is the oldest known representation of the classical 12 zodiac signs – Sagittarius, Taurus, Aries, Libra, and the rest. Now referred to as the “Dendera Zodiac”, several of France’s greatest scientists, astronomers and mathematicians were in an uproar, trying to find the exact dates and times of the celestial events depicted within it. It was part of the ceiling of one of the chapels where the resurrection of Osiris was commemorated, on the roof of the great Temple of Hathor.The vault of heaven is represented by a disc, held up by four women assisted by falcon-headed spirits. This circular, sandstone bas-relief is a planisphere depicting the constellations in graphic form. This chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period; its pronaos was added by the emperor Tiberius. Dendera zodiac was placed in the ceiling of one of the upper eastern rooms of the current temple. Were they actual astrono… The Dendera Zodiac In an upper room of a smaller temple at Dendera was found a now-famous zodiac, now in the Louvre Museum (Paris). The Zodiac of Dendera Some believed that it dated to the New Kingdom, whilst others, especially those with an anti-clerical inclination, claimed that it had been produced thousands of years before the Biblical date for the creation of the world. The Dendera Temple Complex is one of those ancient sites that kept being built upon by pharaoh after pharaoh. The Pharaoh’s Signs of the Zodiac THOTH (August 29 – September 27) Egyptian Zodiac Signs – Thoth. It is one of the most famous Egyptian monuments preserved in France.It should be interpreted as a map of the sky rather than a giant horoscope or a perpetual astrological tool. French scholars ‘discovered’ the zodiac during Napoleon’s Egypt campaign; at that time, Denon made detailed drawings of the zodiac which soon circulated in France. and the hypostyle hall was built in the Roman period under Tiberius. The Zodiac of Dendera (Click on the zoom icon to see image details, or click on the images to enlarge) ... One of the first was by Jean-Baptiste Biot, who suggested a more modest date of 800 BC for the zodiac. Virgo is circled in red. The Dendera Zodiac sparked the interest of the French intellectual elite, one of the questions that was debated about being the period during which the Zodiac was made. Dec 27, 2018 - Explore Henry Tetreault's board "Dendera zodiac" on Pinterest. Its circular frame depicts Divine Feminine space while simultaneously reflecting the curvilinear path of the sun’s orbit. Virgo is circled in red. Dome shaped and smartminted on a large 65 mm diameter surface, it's detailing is further enhanced with a deep antique finish. The most popular visitor attraction in the Egyptian Antiquities department in the Louvre is the sandstone ceiling with bas-relief of a sky-map from Dendara temple. The chapel was dedicated to the Egyptian god Osiris and the Temple was sacred to the goddess Hathor. Download this stock image: Denderah Zodiac - AY4J1A from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. The sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and the Libra (the scales). During Napoleon's Egyptian campaign (1798-1801), French scientists discovered the zodiac in the ceiling of a small chapel atop a temple outside the town of Dendera, near Thebes. Champollion deciphered the names of Tiberius, Claudius, Nero and Domitian on the ceiling of Dendera's temple, and placed the zodiac in the era of Roman rule over Egypt. What we know of the Egyptian Zodiac stems from a piece of Egyptian astrological history at the Louvre in Paris – a Zodiac from the ceiling of a chapel of the Hathor temple in Dendera. Ancient Egyptian Iunet or Tantere, known to the Greeks as Tentyris, was the capital of the 6th nome of Upper Egypt and a town of some importance. In Dendera there is a very famous depiction of the Zodiac that dates back to the Greco-Roman period. This chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period; its pronaos was added by the emperor Tiberius. Physicists Joseph Fourier and Jean-Baptiste Biot alongside astronomer Johan Karl Burckhardt spearheaded the investigation, but were puzzled by the constellations depicted on the zodiac. The temple was constructed during the Graeco-Roman and removed by the French in 1821 and moved to Paris, where it can now be viewed in the Louvre. The sketch on the right shows the zodiac images more clearly. We have been talking about the signs of the zodiac for decades and it is recorded that the earliest Zodiac found in Egypt dates to the 1st century BC, the Dendera Zodiac. What we know of the Egyptian Zodiac stems from a piece of Egyptian astrological history at the Louvre in Paris – a Zodiac from the ceiling of a chapel of the Hathor temple in Dendera. Saved by Denise Williams. During Napoleon's Egyptian campaign (1798-1801), French scientists discovered the zodiac in the ceiling of a small chapel atop a temple outside the town of Dendera, near Thebes. Champollion deciphered the names of Tiberius, Claudius, Nero and Domitian on the ceiling of Dendera's temple, and placed the zodiac in the era of Roman rule over Egypt. This seed of grain is the star Today. DENDERA ZODIAC Of the countless artifacts stolen from Africa, France takes special pride in displaying the Dendera Zodiac at the Louvre Museum in Paris - a legacy of the Napoleon Bonaparte era. French scholars believed the Dendera Zodiac to be thousands of years older than … Ancient Egyptian Zodiac Signs from the Dendera Zodiac at the Louvre. Virgo circled in red. 03. of 15. in his Voyage in 1802. Below is the entire Zodiac in the Egyptian Temple in Dendera, dated to 1 st century BCE. The lunar eclipse of 25 September 52 is represented by an udjat-eye (the "whole one"), because a lunar eclipse only occurs when the moon is full. This zodiac contains the 12 Zodiac signs. It is one of the best preserved temples, if not the best, in all Egypt. This includes their system of decans , with Egyptian star names that in many … Change language, Home>Collection & Louvre Palace>Curatorial Departments>The Zodiac of Dendera, Previous work This monument reflects the way Egyptian cultural elements merged with Babylonian and Greek astronomical and astrological theories, as a result of the Assyrian and Babylonian deportations of the 8th and 6th centuries BC, and the Persian and Greek invasions of the 6th and 4th centuries. The Dendera Zodiac is the 4th coin in the Archaeology & Symbolism series. The Dendera Zodiac is the best-known example of Egyptian zodiacal monuments, whose temple dates from the 1st century BC. Two eclipses are represented exactly where they occurred. The Dendera Zodiac 50 BC basrelief in sandstone 253x255 cm from the Temple of Hathor at Dendera dating from the reign of Cleopatra VII Egyptian... Engraving depicting a late Egyptian planisphere from the Temple of Denderah Dated 19th century drawing, even though the planisphere formed part of the ceiling, and The sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and the Libra (the scales). (Click on the zoom icon to see image details, or click on the images to enlarge) When Denon first discovered the Temple of Hathor at Dendera in January, 1799, he happened into a little stone chapel on the roof, where he found a large circular planisphere, or zodiac. The Zodiac of Dendera. The solar eclipse of 7 March 51 is depicted as the goddess Isis holding a baboon (the god Thoth) by its tail, signifying her attempt to stop the moon from hiding the sun. Neithsabes assumed (based on copyright claims). Dendera Zodiac £ 10.00 £ 6.00. The subjects include numerous deities and hybrid figures (some familiar, others much less so) and even astrological elements, such as recognisable figures from the zodiac. The ceiling of the Hypostyle Hall at Dendera Temple is enriched with an incredible amount of figurative detail carved in low relief and painted in subtle shades against a blue background. They are however a bit impatient. It was added to the ceiling of a chapel dedicated to Osiris inside the Hathor Temple in the Dendera Temple complex in Upper Egypt, sometime after 51 BCE, during the Greco-Roman Period. That’s what we’ll be focussing on in this page. Lower zodiac, (in color): Color lithograph of the Dendera zodiac, Landgraf Karl. Own work assumed (based on copyright claims). Thoth is the god of Wisdom and learning. This zodiac contains the 12 Zodiac signs. Particularly important in the development of horoscopic astrology was the astrologer and astronomer Ptolemy, who lived in Alexandria in Egypt. The original Dendera Circular … The zodiac however, is believed to date far older than the temple housing it , going back at least to 2100 BC . Those born under this sign have capable mental capacities for critical thinking and problem solving. The Pharaoh’s Signs of the Zodiac THOTH (August 29 – September 27) Egyptian Zodiac Signs – Thoth. This chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period; its pronaos was added by the emperor Tiberius. A hippopotamus goddess, opposite Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, represents the constellation of the Dragon. the chapel was in nearly complete darkness. Date: 14 December 2006 (original upload date) Source: No machine-readable source provided. The Tuileries and Carrousel gardens remain open. Go to search Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; WikiShootMe; Search depicted; Subcategories. Go to content It is one of the most famous Egyptian monuments preserved in France.It should be interpreted as a map of the sky rather than a giant horoscope or a perpetual astrological tool. The 2.5 m ≈ 2.5 m artefact is dated to the 1 st century BC by Neugebauer and Parker Particularly important in the development of horoscopic astrology was the astrologer and astronomer Ptolemy, who lived in Alexandria in Egypt. Its creators even went as far as copying it … The Dendera Zodiac is the best-known example of Egyptian zodiacal monuments, whose temple dates from the 1st century BC. Mercury is called "the Inert" and Saturn "Horus the Bull". Dessin B. Lebthéric, avec l’aimable autorisation de l’Institut français d’archéologie orientale. This chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period; its pronaos was added by the emperor Tiberius. Dendera Zodiac Created ca. The present building dates back to the times of the Ptolemaic dynasty and was completed by the Roman emperor Tiberius, but it rests on the foundations of earlier buildings dating back at least as far as far as Khufu (pyramid builder Cheops, second king of the 4th dynasty [c. 2613–c. See more ideas about Dendera zodiac, Zodiac, Egypt. 50 BCE. 2494 BC]), in which was found the celebrated zodiac now in Paris; (2) The solstice between Gemini-Cancer shows the position of an ecliptic that should have existed in 650 BC. There are 12 zodiac signs, and each sign has its own strengths and weaknesses, its own specific traits, desires and attitude towards life and people.By analyzing the projection of the position of planets, and the Sun and the Moon on the Ecliptic at the moment of birth. Dendera temple was completed by the hands of the Roman Emperor Tiberius (14-37 AD) on a fountain built by Pharaoh Pepi I of the 6th dynasty of the old kingdom. Dating back to 50 BCE, the Dindera Zodiac is the oldest known representation of the classical 12 zodiac signs – Sagittarius, Taurus, Aries, Libra, and the rest. In Dendera there is a very famous depiction of the Zodiac that dates back to the Greco-Roman period. Some believed that it dated to the New Kingdom, whilst others, especially those with an anti-clerical inclination, claimed that it had been produced thousa… The Dendera zodiac is an ancient bas-relief temple ceiling carved with mysterious symbols of stars and planets. ” As we have shown, from many authoritative sources, the roots of the Dendera Zodiac and their depiction of the 12 signs of the zodiac, date back to at least the 3rd Millennium BC, if not earlier. Dendera Zodiac £ 10.00 £ 6.00 The present building dates back to the times of the Ptolemaic dynasty and was completed by the Roman emperor Tiberius, but it rests on the foundations of earlier buildings dating back at least as far as far as Khufu (pyramid builder Cheops, second king of the 4th dynasty [c. 2613–c. The Dendera Zodiac is an ancient astronomical map that contains all the information needed to calculate the „journey“ of Earth from one zodiac sign to another for 29,920 years, which corresponds to axial precession cycle. 2. eclipses are represented in it, and that were occurred in that date. The sketch on the right shows the zodiac images more clearly. Ancient Egyptian Zodiac Signs from the Dendera Zodiac at the Louvre. Astrology Numerology Astrology Zodiac Zodiac Signs Ancient Astronomy Eternal Return Sphinx Constellation Map Egyptian Symbols Egyptian Mythology. This includes their system of decans , with Egyptian star names that in many … Archaeologists date the building where it was found to about 100 BC. Ancient Egyptian Iunet or Tantere, known to the Greeks as Tentyris, was the capital of the 6th nome of Upper Egypt and a town of some importance. Inevitably, there is controversy regarding the date that the zodiac was intended to represent. Today, we know it as Dendera. The sculptured Dendera zodiac is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and Libra (the scales). A Teaching Wheel (c) Carmen Turner-Schott. The famous Zodiac of Dendera confounds today's visitors who may look for a reflection of modern-day astrological beliefs. Baron Georges Cuvier placed the date 123 AD to 147 AD. The subjects include numerous deities and hybrid figures (some familiar, others much less so) and even astrological elements, such as recognisable figures from the zodiac. Using gunpowder and explosives, engineer Jean Lelorrain dislodged the zodiac from the ceiling of Goddess Hathor’s temple on the west bank of the… Dendera zodiac Ancient Egyptian artifact of carved sandstone, now in the Louvre ... c. 50 BC (statement with Gregorian date earlier than 1584) Diameter: 250 cm; 26° 08′ 30.12″ N, 32° 40′ 13.08″ E. OpenStreetMap; Locator tool; Authority control Q3100139 Atlas ID: 19044 BabelNet ID: 00818284n. The sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and the Libra (the scales). About the Dendera Zodiac Below is part of the story behind the the Dendera Zodiac that I created based on actual facts about Ancient Egypt to incorporate into the story of the Shapeshifters. ” As we have shown, from many authoritative sources, the roots of the Dendera Zodiac and their depiction of the 12 signs of the zodiac, date back to at least the 3rd Millennium BC, if not earlier. Note the small uncleaned square … In Stock - Now Shipping The Dendera Zodiac is the … Dating back to 50 BCE, the Dindera Zodiac is the oldest known representation of the classical 12 zodiac signs – Sagittarius, Taurus, Aries, Libra, and the rest. Baron Georges Cuvier placed the date 123 AD to 147 AD. More information... People also love these ideas Pinterest. The following pages on the English Wikipedia use this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Dendera zodiac; List of works in the Louvre; Global file usage. He published his drawing They are however a bit impatient. The Zodiac of Dendera was transported to France in 1821 with the permission of Egyptian ruler Mohamed Ali Pasha. The artifact arrived in the following year, and resides today in the Louvre Museum. You see that Virgo holds a seed of grain. Below is the entire Zodiac in the Egyptian Temple in Dendera, dated to 1 st century BCE. In line with the measures taken by the government to prevent the spread of COVID-19, the Musée du Louvre and Musée National Eugène Delacroix are closed up until Tuesday December 15, 2020. The sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and Libra (the scales). The existing structure began construction in the late Ptolemaic period at the time of Ptolemy Auletes in July 54 BCE. It is known as the Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac). This chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period; its pronaos was added by the emperor Tiberius. The coin features the Smartminting technology, has an Antique Finish quality and comes in a beautiful case, along with the Certificate of Authenticity. Dendera Circular Zodiac This Egyptian bas-relief was created around 50 B.C. Dendera Zodiac Created ca. The Dendera(h) Zodiac is a well-known bas-relief taken from the ceiling of the Hathor temple at Dendera in Egypt. Astrology can give us a glimpse of a person's basic characteristics, preferences, flaws and fears. Today, we know it as Dendera. The ceiling of the Hypostyle Hall at Dendera Temple is enriched with an incredible amount of figurative detail carved in low relief and painted in subtle shades against a blue background. The original carving is actually in the Louvre and what we see today at Dendera is a replica. Limited mintage to only 333 pcs worldwide! In 1821, the Egyptian ruler, Mohamed Ali Pasha, permitted the Dendera Zodiac to be transported to France. Author: No machine-readable author provided. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment; current: 17:03, 14 December 2006: 844 × 633 (113 KB) Neithsabes : Zodiaque de Denderah - Période ptolémaïque et romaine - Musée du Louvre: File usage. © 2005-2011 Musée du Louvre - Tous droits de reproduction réservés, Découvrir le Louvre - Missions et projets, Découvrir le Louvre - Louvre, mode d'emploi, Comparer deux œuvres autour du thème de la Nativité. This 3 Oz Silver coin is the fourth release in the new “Archeology & Symbolism” series, dedicated to the most famous symbols in history. The Tyche of Constantinople, Department of Egyptian Antiquities: Religious and funerary beliefs, Next work The Dendera Zodiac is the only circular zodiac that was ever found in Egypt. when he returned, later that spring, he managed to make a The Dendera(h) Zodiac is a well-known bas-relief taken from the ceiling of the Hathor temple at Dendera in Egypt.The temple was constructed during the Graeco-Roman and removed by the French in 1821 and moved to Paris, where it can now be viewed in the Louvre. The complex holds a mixture of different constructions such as a Coptic church, Mammisi (a birth house related to the nativity of the god), a small sanctuary located in front of the Pylon dedicated to the godde… One of the oldest astronomical messages left on the humanity by ancient Egyptian priests is the Dendera Zodiac or the Zodiac of Osiris in the temple complex Hathor in Dendera. roof, where he found a large circular planisphere, or zodiac. The Dendera Zodiac was part of the Temple of Hathor in Egypt and dates to 50 B.C. Aries, Taurus, Scorpio, and Capricorn, for example, are easily recognizable, whereas others correspond to a more Egyptian iconography: Aquarius is represented as Hapy, the god of the Nile flood, pouring water from two vases. It was added to the ceiling of a chapel dedicated to Osiris inside the Hathor Temple in the Dendera Temple complex in Upper Egypt, sometime after 51 BCE… This chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period; its pronaos was added by the emperor Tiberius. His discussion of the dating question is an interesting summary of the reasoning as he understood it in the 1820s. 50 BCE This circular, sandstone bas-relief is a planisphere depicting the constellations in graphic form. (Click on the zoom icon to see image details, or click on the images to enlarge) Three cups from the Tod treasure, © 2008 Musée du Louvre / Christian Décamps, Egyptian Antiquities The configuration of the patterns on the zodiac indicated a strange feature; the arrangement of the constellations shows a date that occurred at least 650 years prior to construction of the zodiac itself. Explore. This particular configuration of the planets among the constellations occurs only about once every thousand years; an astrophysicist has dated it between 15 June and 15 August 50 BC. The original bas-relief sculptured ceiling is now in the Louvre Museum, Paris. Religious and funerary beliefs. This chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period; its pronaos was added by the emperor Tiberius. Go to navigation This chapel was begun in the late Ptolemaic period; its pronaos was added by the emperor Tiberius. What we know of the Egyptian Zodiac stems from a piece of Egyptian astrological history at the Louvre in Paris – a Zodiac from the ceiling of a chapel of the Hathor temple in Dendera. Thank you for your understanding. The Temple of Hathor at Dendera is one of Egypt's best preserved and most beautiful ancient shrines. All the sanctuaries were destroyed and rebuilt various times through history but the current temple dated back to the Roman-Grecoperiod. The Dendera Zodiac sparked the interest of the French intellectual elite, one of the questions that was debated about being the period during which the Zodiac was made. The Zodiac of Dendera was transported to France in 1821 with the permission of Egyptian ruler Mohamed Ali Pasha. The temple has been modified on the same site starting as far back as the Middle Kingdom, and continuing right up until the time of the Roman emperor Trajan. The Zodiac begins here with Aries and travels its astrological route through the twelve signs. However, turning to the actual Dendera zodiac, we find that Mackey’s drawing is giving a quite selective, and rather one-sided representation of the rectangular zodiac’s features. Dec 27, 2018 - Explore Henry Tetreault's board "Dendera zodiac" on Pinterest. The sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and the Libra (the scales). Thirty-six spirits or "decans" around the circumference symbolize the 360 days of the Egyptian year. Osiris was the god of the afterlife and the underworld. The five planets that were known at the time are associated with certain signs of the zodiac: Venus ("the god of the morning") is behind Aquarius, Jupiter ("Horus who Reveals the Mystery") is near Cancer, Mars ("Horus the Red") is directly above Capricorn. This Zodiac illustrates the signs and houses around the astrological wheel. The zodiac however, is believed to date far older than the temple housing it , going back at least to 2100 BC . It is one of the best preserved temples, if not the best, in all Egypt. Image of the Virgo woman placed on the stars in great detail Below is the entire Zodiac in the Egyptian Temple in Dendera, dated to 1 st century BCE. Denderah Zodiac, Grand Temple, Esneh Connections. He had no time to sketch this artifact on his first visit, but Documentation : E. Aubourg, S. Cauville-Colin. The sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and the Libra (the scales). Made of sandstone and weighing many tons, the zodiac excited immense wonder and admiration, for it seemed to open a window onto a civilization of almost immeasurable antiquity. That’s what we’ll be focussing on in this page. The Dendera Zodiac – representing the heavens from its ceiling location – was the only circular portrayal of ancient Egyptian astronomy available. This zodiac contains the 12 Zodiac signs. and was part of the Temple of Hathor. Champollion, among others, believed that it was a religious zodiac. The sculptured Dendera zodiac (or Denderah zodiac) is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the pronaos (or portico) of a chapel dedicated to Osiris in the Hathor temple at Dendera, containing images of Taurus (the bull) and the Libra (the scales). The famous Dendera Zodiac ceiling, or rather a cast of the original (now in the Egyptian collection at the Louvre, Paris) set in its former position in one of the roof chapels at Dendera Temple. Thoth is the god of Wisdom and learning. The Dendera Temple Complex is one of those ancient sites that kept being built upon by pharaoh after pharaoh. The constellations of the northern sky, featured in the center, include the Great Bear (Ursa Major) in the form of a bull's foreleg. This bas-relief actually represented a night skyscape, on the ceiling of a chapel in the Temple of Hathor at Dendera, where the mysteries of the resurrection of the god Osiris were celebrated. In this edition – the Dendera Zodiac. The ancient Egyptians worshipped Hathor as the goddess of joy and motherhood. This sandstone slab comes from the domain dedicated to the goddesses Hathor and Isis at Dendera. Those born under this sign have capable mental capacities for critical thinking and problem solving. According to Cauville (1997, 11-13), the zodiac was dated to 50BC, by astronomical scientists, because two eclipses are represented in it, and that were occurred in that date. The constellations shown inside the circle include the signs of the zodiac, most of which are represented almost as they are today. Dendera is a small town on the Nile in southern Egypt. The dominant building in the complex is the Temple of Hathor.